April/May 2016 (vol. 12/6)

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Research Plus

Job insecurity predicts depressive symptoms

Job security and unemployment are both significantly associated with a higher risk of depressive symptoms, this systematic review of 15 studies and meta-analysis reveals. Compared with people in secure employment, the risk of depression is 29% higher for workers in insecure jobs, and 19% higher for unemployed people. The meta-analysis revealed a positive relationship between job insecurity and depression (odds ratio (OR) = 1.29; CI 1.06–1.57) but a significant effect was observed in only three out of six studies. Unemployment was associated with depression in 11 out of 14 studies (OR = 1.19; CI 1.11–1.28).


International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health 2016; online first: doi: 10.1007/s00420-015-1107-1.


Occupational Health at Work April/May 2016 (vol. 12/6) pp39