April/May 2009 (vol. 05/6)

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Research Plus

Genito-urinary cancers and cadmium

A literature review by the Industrial Injuries Advisory Council found only ‘limited evidence’, in nine papers, of increased risk of bladder cancer associated with occupational exposure to cadmium. The only significant effect was found in a single case-control study; there was no supportive evidence from cohort studies. Of 10 papers investigating associations between occupational cadmium exposure and renal cancer, one case control study found a doubling of risk from at least six years’ exposure, but this was not supported by long-term cohort studies. There was no evidence from 15 papers linking workplace cadmium exposure to prostate cancer.

Position Paper 24. London: The Industrial Injuries Advisory Council, 2009


Occupational Health at Work April/May 2009 (vol. 05/6) pp44