August/September 2012 (vol. 09/2)

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Research Plus

Organisational justice

Three components of organisational justice are each negatively associated with mental health problems, according to this systematic review (11 papers included); however, only ‘relational’ and ‘procedural’ justice are independent of the effort–reward imbalance or demand-control-support models. Relational justice (dignity and respect employees receive from management) has a significant negative effect on mental health and sickness absence even after controlling for other psychosocial factors. Procedural justice (equity and fairness in processes and procedures) is also negatively associated with depressive and other mental health symptoms and with absence. Just two papers looked at the effect of ‘distributive’ justice (fair distribution of resources and benefits) and both found an association with lower levels of depression and absence; however, a lack of adequate controls meant that the effects could not be separated from the possible influence of other psychosocial factors.


Occupational & Environmental Medicine 2012; online first: doi: 10.1136/oemed-2011-100595.


Occupational Health at Work August/September 2012 (vol. 09/2) pp38