Legal News

The EAT has held a belief that biological sex is immutable to be a ‘philosophical belief’ protected under the Equality Act. However this was a different issue to how far the claimant had the right to manifest her belief. The EAT said that a requirement that the belief be worthy of respect in a democratic... Read more »
The Equality and Human Rights Commission took action in respect of unlawful enquiries by a care agency. The care agency’s job application asked about attendance at work and whether applicants had ever had certain health conditions. See Investigation finds care agency’s recruitment practices were unlawful (, May 2021. Under s.60 EqA it is unlawful for... Read more »
There has been a tribunal case on harassment related to the menopause, and the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland has issued new guidance on the menopause. In May 2021 the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland issued new guidance on the menopause and employment Also, in 2020 there was an employment tribunal case (not a... Read more »
Considering whether substantial effects are likely to (could well) last at least 12 months or recur. Diana Kloss reviews cases holding that whether substantial effects could well be ‘long-term’ under the Equality Act must be considered as at the time of the alleged discrimination, and considers implications for OH reports. Read the full blog: Assessing... Read more »
An employment tribunal has upheld the Equality Act claim of a claimant describing herself as ‘non-binary’ and ‘gender-fluid’. Although only an employment tribunal decision and so not a binding precedent, a tribunal has held that non-binary or gender-fluid people can be protected under the protected characteristic of ‘gender reassignment’ – that the person does not... Read more »
Diana Kloss’s latest blog discusses the EAT decision in Elliott v Dorset County Council, which overturned a tribunal decision that the claimant’s Asperger’s Syndrome did not have a ‘substantial’ effect. The Employment Appeal Tribunal held that the tribunal had given too much weight to wording in the Guidance on definition of disability, and not enough... Read more »
The EAT upheld a claim of direct pregnancy discrimination where a risk assessment had decided that the claimant could stay in her current role with adjustments, but senior management decided to move her elsewhere. The claimant, a police officer, was a response officer on the front line, which was the job she had always wanted.... Read more »
The Supreme Court considered how far sleep-in care sector workers were entitled to the national minimum wage. The court in Royal Mencap Society v Tomlinson-Blake  ( held that sleep-in care sector workers who were expected to sleep but might need to answer emergency calls during the night were not entitled to the minimum wage while asleep.... Read more »
The Supreme Court has issued a far-reaching decision on how to determine whether an individual is protected by employment legislation. The question was whether Uber drivers were ‘workers’, so as to have rights against Uber to the national minimum wage, paid holiday, and whistleblowing protection. Uber argued that drivers contracted directly with passengers, with Uber... Read more »